Subtropical Northeastern Region of South Africa
South Africa has a wide variation in climatic zones, from the extreme desert in the northwest to the lush subtropical climate in the east along the Mozambique border and the Indian ocean.
Here, the region north of Johannesburg, near South Africa’s border with Mozambique, can be observed. A small part of southern Botswana, including the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans, is visible at the top left.
While the interior of South Africa is a vast, rather flat, and sparsely populated scrubland, the eastern coastline is lush and well-watered, producing a climate similar to the tropics.
To the north of Johannesburg, the altitude drops beyond the escarpment of the Highveld (South Africa’s interior plateau), and turns into the lower lying Bushveld, an area of mixed dry forest and an abundance of wildlife.
East of the Highveld, beyond the eastern escarpment, the Lowveld stretches towards the Indian ocean. It has particularly high temperatures, and is also the location of extended subtropical agriculture.