States of Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico29.1N 111W
The majority of the land in this image belongs to the Mexican states of Sonora (west) and Chihuahua (east), although parts of the states of Durango and Sinaloa are also visible towards the bottom. The state of Baja California Sud is entirely visible on the peninsula to the left, as is the southern part of Baja California. Finally, a small part of Texas, USA can be seen in the upper right quadrant.
Although Chihuahua is primarily identified with its namesake, the Chihuahuan Desert, it has more forests than any other state. On the slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains (around the regions of Casas Grandes, Cuauhtémoc and Parral), there are vast prairies of short yellow grass, the source of the bulk of the state’s agricultural production.
Sonora’s western shores are washed by the Sea of Cortez (or Gulf of California, as it is also known), which is connected to the Pacific Ocean further south. The Sonoran coastline is 1,208 km long, while its land border with Chihuahua is 592 km. Sonora is the second largest state in Mexico (184,934 km²), representing 9.2% of the nation’s total area.
Sonora consists of four physiographic regions: The Sierra Madre Occidental, Parallel Mountains and Valleys, the Sonoran Desert, and the Coast of the Gulf of California. Sonora is located in a climactic strip in the northern hemisphere that has formed various deserts around the globe. The state is located at the same latitude as the deserts of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and other regions.