Southeast Caspian Sea and Miyānkāle Peninsula36.8N 53.8E
Sediments or algae off the coasts of Turkmenistan and Iran lighten the color of the waters of the southeast part of the Caspian Sea.
The southern shoreline is fringed by the green vegetation of Iran’s Mazandaran province and the Alborz mountain range.
Located in the southeast corner, between the green vegetation and the sediment-flanked shoreline, is the Miyānkāle peninsula. This narrow but long peninsula in Mazandaran Province in the north of Iran sets apart the Gorgan Bay from the Caspian Sea. The peninsula has an elevation of 23 meters above sea level.
The area around it is known as the Miyānkāle Wildlife Sanctuary and Wetland; one of the richest ecological havens in West Asia. It is home to many unique bird and reptile species native to this region and recognized as a refuge for migratory birds.
However, this nature reserve is unfortunately highly under threat by Industry and Tourism. While tourism-related activities continue to pollute the area, there are plans to build a huge hotel complex in the middle of the park. The number of migratory birds has fallen significantly during the past few years. Extensive fishing and hunting has damaged the ecological balance, and many species are under threat of total extinction.