South Korea, Occupying the Southern Half of the Korean Peninsula37.5N 126.9E
South Korea is located in East Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean peninsula, west of Japan.
South Korea has an area of 38,486 sq mi (99,678 sq km) and a population of (2008 est.) about 48,333,000. The capital is Seoul. Most of South Korea’s land area consists of mountains and uplands; its highest peak is Mount Halla (6,398 ft [1,950 m]) on Cheju Island. The lowlands are densely populated.