Shoreline of South Africa’s Western Cape Province
The Western Cape Province, in southwestern South Africa, is bordered on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Its total land area is 129,370 km², about 10.6% of the country’s total. The province’s capital is Cape Town and other major cities include Stellenbosch, Worcester, Paarl, and George.
The Western Cape is exceptionally topographically diverse. Most of the province falls within the Cape Fold Belt, a range of sandstone folded mountains of Permian to Carboniferous age that range in height from 1000m to 2300m. The valleys between ranges are generally very fertile and contains alluvial loamy to clay soils.
The far interior forms part of the Karoo Basin and is generally arid and hilly with a sharp escarpment in the north. Coastal areas range from sandy between capes, to rocky to steep and mountainous in places. The Western Cape is also the southernmost region of the African continent with Cape Agulhas as its southernmost point, at 3800km from the Antarctic coastline.