Russia’s Novaya Zemlya Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean
The bright white strip running through the center of this image is actually the snow-covered islands of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, just north of Russia.
The main island visible is Yuzhny, the southern island. It has an area of 33,275 km², which while smaller than the northern island of Severny, makes it one of the largest islands in the world. The island’s vegetation is largely composed of tundra.
Yuzhny is separated from Vaygach Island, whose tip is visible at the far right, by the Kara Strait, a 56 km wide channel of water. This strait connects the Kara Sea and the Barents Sea in northern Russia.
Vaygach Island has an area of 3,383 km² and is about 100 km long and up to 45 km wide. Its average temperatures are −20°С in February and +5°С in June and it mostly consists of tundra. The island is separated from mainland Russia’s Yugorsky Peninsula by the Yugorsky Strait.