Phytoplankton Bloom “Connects” Sri Lanka to the Indian Subcontinent
Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is located about 31 kilometres (19.3 mi) off the southern coast of India, in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal and southeast of the Arabian Sea.
It is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. A phytoplankton bloom reaches across either end of Palk Bay, between Sri Lanka and India.
Sri Lanka’s terrain consists mostly of flat-to-rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part. Amongst these are Sri Pada (Adams Peak) and the highest point Pidurutalagala, at 2,524 meters (8,281 ft).
On the southern end of the island, the Walawe Ganga (Walawe River) can be seen. Sri Lankan rivers provide freshwater to the population.
Sri Lanka’s climate can be described as tropical, and quite hot. Its warm climate is moderated by ocean winds and considerable moisture.
The island is frequently affected by tropical cyclones, which bring rains to the southwest, northeast, and eastern parts of the island. Between December and March, monsoon winds come from the northeast, bringing moisture from the Bay of Bengal.