Osaka, Kyoto and Nagoya, Japan
Along the Pacific Coast of southern Honshu Island, Japan, the populous cities of Nagoya and Osaka extend inland from bays until they reach more mountainous terrain.
Nagoya (right), by Ise Bay, is the third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area in Japan.
Osaka (left) is located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay. It has its west side open to Osaka Bay, but is otherwise completely surrounded by over ten smaller cities.
Lake Biwa, the largest freshwater lake in Japan, can be seen towards the center. Between the southwest tip of this lake and Osaka is the city of Kyoto.
Kyoto is located in a valley, part of the Yamashiro (or Kyoto) Basin, in the eastern part of the mountainous region known as the Tamba highlands. The Yamashiro Basin is surrounded on three sides by mountains known as Higashiyama, Kitayama and Nishiyama, with a height just above 1000 meters above sea level.