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Mountains of Himachal Pradesh, India

32.1N 77.5E

December 24th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

India - December 20th, 2009

India - December 20th, 2009

This orthorectified image shows the mountainous Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, situated in the western Himalayas. The state covers an area of 55,780 kilometres (34,660 mi) and its elevation ranges from about 350 metres (1,148 ft) to 6,000 metres (19,685 ft) above the sea level.

The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. In fact the rivers are older than the mountain system. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej and the Yamuna. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall.

There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, alpine and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges with higher elevation. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts, generally above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft), i.e. in the Higher and Trans-Himalayan regions).

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