Mountains and Plains of Turkey
Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country with a territory more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) long and 800 km (500 mi) wide and a roughly rectangular shape. Turkey’s area, inclusive of lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi).
Turkey is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.
The European section of Turkey, in the northwest, is Eastern Thrace, and forms the borders of Turkey with Greece and Bulgaria.
The Asian part of the country, Anatolia (also called Asia Minor), consists of a high central plateau with narrow coastal plains, between the Köroğlu and East-Black Sea mountain range to the north and the Taurus Mountains to the south.
The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Here, the coastal plains appear green and fertile while the central plateau is brown and seems drier.
Eastern Turkey has a more mountainous landscape, which is covered with snow in this image. This region is home to the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates, Tigris and Aras, and contains Lake Van and Mount Ararat, Turkey’s highest point at 5,165 metres (16,946 ft).