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Kirkwall in the Orkney Islands, Scotland

58.9N 2.9W

November 28th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

United Kingdom - November 8th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows some of the Orkney Islands, an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of the coast of Caithness. Orkney comprises approximately 70 islands of which 20 are inhabited.

The largest island, known as the “Mainland” (partially visible along the left edge in the lower left quadrant) has an area of 523.25 square kilometres (202.03 sq mi) making it the sixth largest Scottish island and the tenth-largest island in the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative centre is Kirkwall, visible as a bright white area in the lower left quadrant.

The islands are mainly low-lying except for some sharply rising sandstone hills on Hoy, Mainland and Rousay and rugged cliffs on some western coasts. Nearly all of the islands have lochs, but the watercourses are merely streams draining the high land. The coastlines are indented, and the islands themselves are divided from each other by straits generally called “sounds” or “firths”.

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