Istanbul, the Bosphorus and Rugged Anatolian Terrain of Turkey41.0N 28.9E
The whitish surface of the city of Istanbul, Turkey, is divided in two by the Bosphorus Strait. Upon opening the full version of this orthorectified image, ships can be seen north of the strait, in the Black Sea, and to the south, in the Sea of Marmara. Another body of water, Lake Iznik, is visible in the lower right quadrant.
The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward.
Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault lines running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea. There is an earthquake fault line across the north of the country from west to east, which caused a major earthquake in 1999.