Gulf Coastal Plains of Texas, USA29.1N 97.5W
Texas is the second-largest U.S. state in both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous United States. Texas contains diverse landscapes, and although it is popularly associated with the Southwestern deserts, less than 10% of the land area is desert. Most of the population centers are located in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline.
Traveling from east to west, one can observe Texas’s diverse regions, which include the Gulf Coastal Plains, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, and Basin and Range Province. The Gulf Coastal Plains region wraps around the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast section of the state. Vegetation in this region consists of thick pineywoods. Here, sediments can be seen lining the coast itself.
The Interior Lowlands region consists of gently rolling to hilly forested land is part of a larger pine-hardwood forest. The Great Plains region in central Texas is located in spans through the state’s panhandle to the state’s hill country near Austin. This region is dominated by prairie and steppe.
In the state’s extreme west, is the state’s Basin and Range Province. The most complex of the regions, this area includes Sand Hills, the Stockton Plateau, desert valleys, wooded mountain slopes and desert grasslands.