Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in Georgia
The snow-capped Caucasus Mountains frame the country of Georgia in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Georgia’s northern border with Russia (above) roughly runs along the crest of the Greater Caucasus mountain range. The southern portion of the country is bounded by the Lesser Caucasus Mountains.
The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range is much higher in elevation than the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, with the highest peaks rising more than 5,000 meters (16,404 ft) above sea level.
The country is also divided into eastern and western halves by the Likhi Range. Historically, the western portion of Georgia, towards the Black Sea, was known as Colchis while the eastern plateau was called Iberia. Due to a complex geographic setting, mountains also isolate the northern region of Svaneti from the rest of Georgia.