Fjords and Bays Along the Northern Coast of Iceland65.5N 18.1W
Many bays and fjords punctuate the northern coastline of Iceland. Starting from the waters along the left edge and moving eastwards, these are: Húnaflói, Skagafjörður, Eyjafjörðu, Skjálfandi, Öxarfjörður and Þistilfjörður.
Húnaflói is a large bay between Strandir and Skagaströnd in Iceland. It is about 50 km wide and 100 km long. The towns Blönduós and Skagaströnd are located on the bay’s eastern side.
The next body of water to the east is Skagafjörður, a fjord situated between Tröllaskagi (Peninsula of giants) and Skagi. A quarter of area residents make their homes in the country, since Skagafjörður is one of Iceland’s most prosperous agricultural regions.
Continuing eastward one comes to Eyjafjörður, the longest fjord in central northern Iceland. It is located in the second most populous region of Iceland. The name literally means: “Island Fjord” which is derived from Hrísey Island.
After Eyjafjörður is Skjálfandi, geologically more a bay than a fjord. The bay, originally created by glacial activity, has two major streams flowing into it: Skjálfandafljót, which is a glacier river and Laxá, which is a freshwater river.
Moving further east one arrives at Öxarfjörður, a broad fjord in northeastern Iceland, situated between the Tjörnes and Melrakkaslétta headlands.
The next bay to the east is Þistilfjörður (sometime anglicised as Thistilfjördur), between the Rifstangi and Langanes peninsulas, near the town of Þórshöfn (Thorshofn). The name also refers to the region immediately to the southwest of the bay, roughly corresponding to Svalbarðshreppur municipality.