Fertile Plains, Mountains, Desert: the Landscape of Northern Morocco
Much of the northern half of Morocco, not including the disputed Western Sahara to the South, can be seen here, from fertile coastal plains, to steep mountains, to arid desert.
To the north, Morocco is bordered by and controls part of the Strait of Gibraltar, giving it power over the waterways in and out of the Mediterranean sea. Southern Spain and Portugal can be seen to the North.
The Rif mountains occupy the region bordering the Mediterranean from the North-west to the North-east. The land around them is fertile and green.
The Atlas Mountains, on the other hand, run down the backbone of the country, from the south west to the north east. Some of their peaks are capped with snow in this image.
Most of the population lives to the North of these mountains, particularly in the coastal areas. Sediments can be seen framing the coast; discharge is particularly heavy near Morocco’s capital city, Rabat, and its largest city and main port, Casablanca.
Moving away from the coast, across the Atlas Mountains, most of the south east portion of the country is in the Sahara Desert. As such it is, in general, sparsely populated and unproductive economically.