Erosion Exposes Red Soil in Central Highlands of Madagascar
Madagascar‘s central highlands are a plateau region ranging in altitude from 2,450 to 4,400 ft (750 to 1350m) above sea level. They are characterised by terraced, rice-growing valleys lying between barren hills.
On the right side of this image, erosion has exposed the red laterite soil that covers much of the island. The high levels of erosion inland also cause major problems with silting on the west coast.
On the western side, the central highlands give way gradually into savanna-like plains with remnants of deciduous forest. On the eastern side, on the other hand, a steep escarpment leads from the central highlands down into a ribbon of rain forest.