Coastline of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The city of Rio de Janeiro is the second largest in Brazil and South America, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America. It is also the capital of Rio de Janeiro State. The population of the City of Rio de Janeiro is about 6,136,652, occupying an area of 1,182.3 square kilometres (456.5 sq mi).
The city also boasts the largest and second largest urban forests in the world: Floresta da Tijuca and the forest in Pedra Branca State Park. These forested areas are visible west of Guanabara Bay, their dark green vegetation standing out against the grey and tan of the surrounding urban zone.
Moving west along the coast, more forests are visible near the shoreline and on the island of Ilha Grande. Ilha Grande, with a land area of 193 km², is one of the most pristine remnants of Brazil’s Atlantic rainforest, one of the richest ecosystems in the world, and a hotspot for biodiversity and conservation.