Coastal Lowlands of Southern Vietnam
Various bays create scalloped indentations along the southern coast of Vietnam. The coastal lowlands here appear tan, while the hills and mountains further inland are green due to dense forests.
In fact, the entire southern region of Vietnam is divided into coastal lowlands, Annamite Chain peaks, extensive forests, and poor soil. Comprising five relatively flat plateaus of basalt soil, the highlands account for 16% of the country’s arable land and 22% of its total forested land.
Because of differences in latitude and the marked variety of topographical relief, Vietnam’s climate tends to vary considerably from place to place. However, temperatures in the southern plains (including Ho Chi Minh City) vary less, ranging from 21 to 28 °C (70 and 82.5 °F) over the course of a year.