Berlin, Germany’s Capital City52.5N 13.4E
Berlin, right, is the capital city of Germany and the country’s largest city, with a population of 3.4 million within its city limits. It is the second most populous city and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union.
Berlin is located in eastern Germany, about 70 kilometers (44 miles) west of the border with Poland in an area with marshy terrain. Around one third of the city’s territory is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes. Substantial parts of the city extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley.
Geographically embedded in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Summers are warm with average high temperatures of 22–25°C (mid 70s F) and lows of 12–14°C (mid 50s F). Winters are cold with average high temperatures of 4°C (upper 30s F) and lows of −2 to 0°C (upper 20s and low 30s F).