Baltic Coastline of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia
The Baltic coastline of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia (from bottom to top) is visible on the left side of this image. In the upper left quadrant, near Lativa, several condensation trails from airplanes can be seen over the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga.
The Polish Baltic coast is approximately 528 kilometres (328 mi) long, although only the eastern part of the coastline can be seen here. It extends from Świnoujście on the islands of Usedom and Wolin in the west to Krynica Morska on the Vistula Spit in the east.
For the most part, Poland has a smooth coastline, which has been shaped by the continual movement of sand by currents and winds from west to east. This continual erosion and deposition has formed cliffs, dunes, and spits, many of which have migrated landwards to close off former lagoons.
Moving northwards, Lithuania has around 99 kilometres (61.5 mi) of sandy coastline, of which only about 38 kilometres (24 mi) face the open Baltic Sea and which is the shortest among the Baltic Sea countries.
The rest of the coast is sheltered by the Curonian sand peninsula. Lithuania’s major warm-water port, Klaipėda, lies at the narrow mouth of the Curonian Lagoon, a shallow lagoon extending south to Kaliningrad.