Arid Landscape of South Australia
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country, covering some of the most arid parts of the continent. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of Australia’s six states and two territories.
It is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory and Queensland, to the east by Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria, and along the south by the Great Australian Bight and the Southern Ocean.
With nearly 1.6 million people, the state comprises less than 10% of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the states and territories.
The majority of its people reside in the state capital, Adelaide, visible here northwest of the green lake by the coast. Most of the remainder are settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray.
The terrain consists largely of arid and semi-arid rangelands, evident from the red and orange tones of he landscape.
There are also several low mountain ranges in which the most important mountains are the Mt Lofty-Flinders Ranges system which extends north about 800 kilometres (497 mi) from Cape Jervis to the northern end of Lake Torrens and salt lakes, several of which can be seen in the upper half of the image.
The highest point in the state is not in those ranges, but Mount Woodroffe at 1,435 metres (4,708 ft) in the Musgrave Ranges in the extreme northwest of the state. The western portion of the state consists of the sparsely-inhabited Nullarbor Plain fronting the cliffs of the Great Australian Bight.