Wetlands of the Niger Inland Delta, Mali – November 14th, 201014.6N 4.4W
The Niger Inland Delta (also known as the Inner Niger and Macina Inland Delta) is a green area of wetlands in central Mali. The delta consists of the middle course of the Niger River (the longest river in West Africa), between the bifurcated Niger and its tributary, the Bani, which from here run north towards the desert.
Most of the year the area has a hot and dry climate, with hot winds from the nearby Sahara raising the temperature up to 40° C. During the wet season, which lasts from July to September but lasts longer the further south one goes, the swamp floods into a lake and naturally irrigates the land.
When the dry season comes, the Niger Inland Delta turns into a network of lakes and channels. Due to its proximity to the widening Sahel, there have been concerns that the delta may be getting less rain every year.