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Vegetation Index of Eastern India

16.5N 81.5E

February 4th, 2010 Category: Rivers, Vegetation Index

India - January 7th, 2010

India - January 7th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the landscape of eastern India, including the states of Chhattisgarh (upper left), Orissa (upper right) and Andhra Pradesh (lower left). Much of the area is green, indicating good levels of photosynthetic activity, although interspersed with yellow zones of lesser activity. Most of the zones of high activity (red) are located in Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh it is situated in central eastern part of the country. The north and south parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. Forests cover roughly forty-four percent of the state.

Orissa, or Odisha, has a relatively unindented coastline. The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River Delta (visible towards the top right of the full image) supports the bulk of the population. The interior of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated.

Andhra Pradesh is historically called the “Rice Bowl of India”, as more than 77% of its crop is rice. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. The small enclave (12 sq mi (30 kmĀ²)) of the Yanam district of Puducherry (Pondicherry) state lies in the Godavari Delta in north-east of the state (visible along the coast near the bottom of the image, with the Krisha River Delta also visible just below it).

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