Earth Snapshot RSS Feed Twitter
 
 
 
 

Triple-boundary in Brazil: Goiás, Minas Gerais and Bahia

March 7th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Brazil - March 5th, 2009

Brazil - March 5th, 2009

The terrain here lies at the triple-boundary between three of Brazil’s states: Goiás (left), Minas Gerais (bottom right) and Bahia (upper right).

The Federal District (Distrito Federal) of Brasilia is visible as a tan area left of the center. The city of Goiânia, in the state of Goiás, appears as another tan area southwest of Brasilia.

Goiás lies wholly within the Brazilian Highlands, which are located in the center of the country. It occupies a large plateau with a tropical climate.

The state is covered with a woodland savanna known in Brazil as campo cerrado, although there are still tropical forests along the rivers. This cerrado has been seriously diminished in recent years due to cattle raising and soybean farming with great loss of animal life and forest cover.

The vegetation of Bahia, on the other hand, is Atlantic Forest, although deforestation has been causing it to diminish.

The state is crossed from north to south by a mountain chain, Chapada Diamantina (also known as Serra do Espinhaço and Borborema), which divides it in two clearly distinct geographical zones. To the east, the soil is fertile and, despite high temperatures, rainy seasons are regular. The predominant vegetation in the west is “cerrado”.

Finally, in the areas of Minas Gerais visible here, the predominant vegetation to the west is “campo cerrado”, while the south is hilly, green,  and notably cooler than the rest of the state.

The state is also crossed by the river São Francisco, in the upper right quadrant, tan from sediments. It is the most important river in the Brazilian northeast because it is a permanent river, which continuously supplies water to this arid region when many other smaller rivers dry out.

Leave a Reply


About Us

Earth Observation

Organisations

Archive

May 2017
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031  

Categories


Bulletin Board


Featured Posts

Information

21


Take Action

Widgets