Nile River Valley and Faiyum Oasis, Egypt29.3N 30.9E
The northern section of the Nile River flows almost entirely through desert, from Sudan into Egypt. Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along those parts of the Nile Valley north of Aswan. The valley can be observed here, appearing as a thick green band on either side of the river as it flows through the Sahara Desert.
The Nile ends in a large delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea, which is partially visible at the top of the full image. The other green area at the top of the thumbnail image is the Faiyum Oasis, a depression or basin in the desert immediately to the west of the Nile south of Cairo. The extent of the basin area is estimated at between 490 mi² (1,270 km²) and 656 mi² (1700 km²). The basin floor comprises fields watered by a channel of the Nile, the Bahr Yussef, as it drains into a desert depression to the west of the Nile Valley.