Forests and Rivers of Southern Brazil
This image shows a large portion of Brazil’s south and southeastern regions. The large river in the upper left quadrant is the Paraná River. Here, it runs through a moderately wet and fertile plateau with a mild temperate climate.
Towards the north, the river provides the western border for the state of São Paulo, in Brazil’s Southeast Region. Although the Southeast Region concentrates the majority of the population, vehicles, industries, etc., the landscape here includes the heart of the largest continued remanent of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, in the Ribeira Valley.
South of São Paulo begins the Southern Region, which has a subtropical or temperate climate. The states in this region have two geographic areas: a narrow coastal zone with coastal forests (covered by clouds here), and a high plateau whose eastern escarpments are called the Serra do Mar or Serra do Cubatão.
The southern and central portions of the region are covered by the Araucaria moist forests, while the lower western and northern portions of the state are covered by the Paraná-Paraíba interior forests ecoregion.