Flooding from Swollen Indus River in Pakistan
The swollen Indus River in Pakistan is laden with thick brown sediments, dredged up by heavy monsoon rains. Such monsoon rains in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, lower Punjab and Balochistan regions of Pakistan caused have been causing devastating floods in the country since July 2010.
At one point, approximately one-fifth of Pakistan’s total land area was underwater due to the flooding. Present estimates indicate that over two thousand people have died and over a million homes have been destroyed since the flooding began.
The United Nations estimates that more than twenty million people are injured or homeless as a result of the flooding, exceeding the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. However, the death count in each of those three disasters was significantly higher than the number of people killed so far in the floods.
The Pakistani economy has been harmed by extensive damage to infrastructure and crops. Structural damages are estimated to exceed 4 billion USD, and wheat crop damages are estimated to be over 500 million USD. Officials estimate the total economic impact to be as much as 43 billion USD.