Coastline of Kenya2.2S 40.8E
The Lamu Archipelago, in the upper right quadrant, is located in the Indian Ocean close to the northern coast of Kenya, to which it belongs. The islands lie between the towns of Lame and Kiunga, close to the border with Somalia.
The largest of the islands are Pate Island, Manda Island and Lamu Island. Smaller islands include Kiwayu, which lies in the Kiunga Marine National Reserve, and Manda Toto.
Moving southwest, the Tana River, whose lower sections are surrounded by swampy forests, spills into the Indian Ocean at Ungwana Bay. Sediments are present along the bay’s coastline.
Just offshore of the peninsula on the southern edge of the bay is the San Marco Platform (also known as Luigi Broglio Space Centre). It is a spaceport platform on an old oil platform off the Kenyan coast, developed in the 1960s through a partnership between the University of Rome La Sapienza and NASA to serve as a launch pad for Italian spacecraft. While still in existence, it is not currently used as a launch site.