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Dust Over Mouth of Indus River – January 1st, 2013

22.5N 69.9E

January 1st, 2013 Category: Dust Storms, Image of the day, Rivers, Wetlands

India and Pakistan – December 28th, 2012

A dust storm that has been blowing off the coast of Iran and Pakistan sends dust and sand particles over the mouth of the Indus River and over the Arabian Sea. Over land, the dust hangs in the air by the Pakistan-India border, partially veiling the Rann of Kutch wetlands and the Gulf of Kutch to their south. The gulf of Khambhat, in the lower right corner, remains unaffected.

Indus River and Irrigation Issues, Pakistan

27.6N 68.3E

April 4th, 2012 Category: Rivers

Pakistan - March 18th, 2012

Pakistan has a vast irrigation network that distributes the water of the Indus River (visible flanked by a wide green valley) and other waterways, comprising three major storage reservoirs, 19 dams, 43 main canals with a conveyance length of 57,000 km, and 89,000 watercourses with a running length of more than 1.65 million km, according to the World Conservation Union. The system feeds more than 15 million hectares of farmland, giving Pakistan the highest ratio of irrigated land to rain-fed land in the world.

However, this extensive irrigation system is also causing environmental problems. In particular there is concern that moving large volumes of water from rivers has often left insufficient flow to meet the needs of downstream ecosystems. Coastal and marine regions, because they lie at the end of rivers, have been impacted most heavily by the removal and redistribution of water further upstream.

Indus River Valley and Rann of Kutch, Pakistan

24.5N 69.4E

February 3rd, 2012 Category: Rivers, Wetlands

Pakistan - January 4th, 2012

Flowing down from the Tibetan plateau of western China, across the country of Pakistan in wide, sweeping curves, is the Indus River. It enters Pakistan via the Northern Areas (Gilgit-Baltistan), flowing through the North in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan, to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan. The total length of the river is 3,180 kilometers (1,980 mi) and it is Pakistan’s longest river.

Visible near the mouth of the river, to the east, is the Great Rann of Kutch, a seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India and the Sindh province of Pakistan. It comprises some 30,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) between the Gulf of Kutch and the mouth of the Indus River in southern Pakistan. The area was a vast shallows of the Arabian Sea until continuing geological uplift closed off the connection with the sea, creating a vast lake that has since shrunk but floods seasonally during the monsoon.

Indus River Flowing Across Pakistan

27.9N 68.7E

December 27th, 2011 Category: Rivers

Pakistan - December 17th, 2011

The green land in this image is the valley of the Indus River, a major river which flows mainly through Pakistan.  Originating in the Tibetan plateau of western China, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir, in the Himalayas in India (visible at the top of the full image), and then enters Pakistan.

The river then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan, to merge into the Arabian Sea (bottom) near the port city of Karachi in Sindh. The total length of the river is 3,180 kilometers (1,980 mi) and it is Pakistan’s longest river. It has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 square kilometers (450,000 sq mi).

Indus River Valley and Rann of Kutch, Pakistan – October 10th, 2011

24.5N 68.0E

October 10th, 2011 Category: Deserts, Image of the day, Rivers, Wetlands

Pakistan - October 6th, 2011

The lower stretches of the Indus River Valley appear as a wide, green, S-shaped line crossing Pakistan. The river itself can be seen in the center of the vegetation, as a thick, tan line due to the sediments it carries.

Southeast of the river is the Rann of Kutch, a seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India and the Sindh province of Pakistan. Although it often appears as a series of white salt flats, here it appears to be inundated and thus has a predominately teal color.

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