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Indonesian Island of Sumatra and Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia

1.7N 102.3E

May 11th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Malaysia - April 28th, 2010

Malaysia - April 28th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the Indonesian island of Sumatra (below) and part of Malaysia on the lower end of the Malay Peninsula, although the entire peninsula including parts of Thailand and Myanmar is visible after opening the full version.

Most of the land appears green to red, indicating good to high levels of photosynthetic activity. Only a few areas appear yellow, indicating a low vegetation index.

Sumatra supports a wide range of vegetation types which are home to a rich variety of species, including 17 endemic genera of plants. The island has lost 48% of its natural forest cover since 1985, however, and many of the remaining species are endangered.

Bandon Bay on the Malay Peninsula, Thailand

9.2N 99.2E

April 17th, 2010 Category: Rivers, Sediments

Thailand - March 5th, 2010

Thailand - March 5th, 2010

Bandon Bay is a bay in the Gulf of Thailand on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula, shared by several countries including Myanmar (west) and Thailand (east). The bay is situated in Thailand’s Surat Thani Province, extending from the Sui Cape in Chaiya district in the northwest to the Kanchanadit district to the east.

The bay is dominated by the eastuary of the rivers Tapi and Phum Duang; sediments from these rivers are visible here. The bay is relatively shallow, with water depths ranging from 1 to 5 meters. The total coastline is about 100 km. Along the coast are mudflats created by the high rate of sedimentation.

Klyuchevskaya Volcanic Group on Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia

56.0N 160.6E

February 11th, 2011 Category: Volcanoes

Russia - January 31st, 2011

The Klyuchevskaya Volcanic Group is a cluster of twelve volcanoes in a relatively small area (65 thousand sq.km). The group can be observed here on the east side of the Kamchatka Peninsula, in Russian Siberia.

The group includes some of the largest volcanoes of Europe and Asia: Klyuchevskoy Volcano (4750 m), Kamen Volcano (4575 m), Ushkovsky (3943 m), Krestovsky (4108 m), Ostry Tolbachik (3682 m), Plosky Tolbachik (3083 m), Bezymianny (2800 m), Ovalnaya Zimina (3061 m), Ostraya Zimina, Bolshaya Udina (2923 m), Malaya Udina (1945 m) and Sredny (3020 m).

Vegetation Index of Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia

8.3N 98.7E

March 29th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Thailand - March 5th, 2010

Thailand - March 5th, 2010

This FAPAR image focuses on the long peninsula in Southeast Asia that divides the Gulf of Thailand (right) from the Andaman Sea (left). The northern half of the peninsula is shared by Myanmar (west) and Thailand (east), while the southern half is part of Malaysia. Parts of Cambodia (center) and Vietnam (far right) are also visible in the upper part of the image, and part of Indonesia can be seen in the full image, south of Malaysia.

Most of the peninsula and land in Indonesia appear red to dark green, indicating high photosynthetic activity. Parts of Cambodia and Vietnam, however, appear yellow, an indication of low activity.

State of Penang and Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia – February 24th, 2010

5.3N 100.2E

February 24th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

The state of Penang, in Malaysia, can be seen in the upper left quadrant of this orthorectified image, on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. Penang is the second smallest state in Malaysia after Perlis, and the eighth most populous.

The state is geographically divided into two sections: Penang Island and Province Wellesley. The former is an island of 293 square kilometres located in the Straits of Malacca with an estimated population of 745,000. Province Wellesley (also known as Seberang Perai in Malay) is a narrow hinterland of 753 square kilometres on the peninsula across a narrow channel whose smallest width is 4 km (2.5 miles).

While the topography of Province Wellesley is mostly flat, the Titiwangsa Mountains can be seen running down the right side of the image. These mountains are the main range that forms the backbone of the Malay Peninsula, running north-south, from Thailand to peninsular Malaysia.

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