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Snow on the Kamchatka Peninsula and Ice Offshore, Russia

56.0N 160.0E

February 10th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Russia - January 25th, 2010

Russia - January 25th, 2010

The Kamchatka Peninsula, in the Russian Far East, is covered with a white blanket of snow. The peaks of the Kamchatka or Central Range are visible as a vertical line cutting through the center of the peninsula.

This large peninsula’s heavily indented east coast has four distinct smaller peninsular formations: (from bottom to top) Shipunsky Point, Kronotsky Point, Kamchatsky Point and Ozernoy Point. In the bays between these peninsulas, ice can be seen in swirled patterns on the surface of the water. These paisley designs are created when ice forms or melts and takes on the form of the water currents.

Snow-covered Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia – December 18th, 2009

53.0N 158.6E

December 18th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Russia - November 28th, 2009

Russia - November 28th, 2009

Kamchatka Peninsula is a 1,250-kilometer long peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of 472,300 km². It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west. The peninsula contains the Volcanoes of Kamchatka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Here, the Kamchatka or Central Range can be seen running down the middle of the peninsula towards the southern tip, called Cape Lopatka. The circular bay to the north of the cape on the Pacific side is Avacha Bay with the capital, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Moving north from the cape, up the Pacific side, the four peninsulas are called Shipunsky Point, Kronotsky Point, Kamchatsky Point and Ozernoy Point.

Kamchatka River Running Across Central Valley of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia

56.0N 160.4E

November 20th, 2009 Category: Rivers, Volcanoes

Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia - October 7th, 2009

Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia - October 7th, 2009

The Kamchatka River runs eastward for 758 kilometers (471 mi) through Kamchatka Krai in the Russian Far East towards the Pacific Ocean.  The river starts northwest of Avacha and flows north down the Central Valley, turning east near Klyuchi to enter the Pacific south of Kamchatsky Point at Ust-Kamchatsk.

In the segment of the river visible in this orthorectified image, it flows through the Central Valley between the Kamchatka or Central Range (above) and the Ushkovsky (formerly known as Plosky) volcanic massif  in the central part the peninsula.

Bolshaya Ipelka and Opala Volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia – October 17th, 2009

52.5N 157.3E

October 17th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Russia - September 19th, 2009

Russia - September 19th, 2009

The massive shield volcano in the lower left quadrant of this orthorectified image, is the early Pleistocene Bolshaya Ipelka shield volcano. Although extensively eroded by glaciers, it is the largest volcanic structure of southern Kamchatka.

It has a large volcanic caldera surrounded by a ring-shaped ridge with steep inner walls and rocky outer slopes. A single unnamed Holocene cinder cone is found on the southern flank of Bolshaya Ipelka.

The conical stratovolcano to the east (right) is Opala, located on the same east-west tectonic line. Opala was constructed along the northern rim of a large 12 x 14 km wide caldera.

Southern Tip of Kamchatka Peninsula and Nearby Kuril Islands, Russia – October 1st, 2009

50.8N 156.6E

October 1st, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Russia - September 19th, 2009

Russia - September 19th, 2009

Cape Lopatka is the southernmost point of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, about 11 km north of Shumshu, the northernmost island of the Kuril Islands. Upon opening the full version of this orthorectified image, Shumshu can be seen in is entirety and most of Paramushir Island, below, is visible as well.

The peninsula itself has many volcanic features, including crater lakes and volcanic peaks. Here, Kurile Lake, a large caldera containing a crater lake, can be identified as a light grey area near the top.

The lake has an area of 77 square kilometres (30 sq mi), an average depth of 176 metres (580 ft), and a maximum depth of 306 m (1,000 ft). On the northeast coast is the dormant volcano Ilinskaya.

Souhwest of the lake are two other volcanoes: Kambalny, a stratovolcano (right), and Koshelev, a complex stratovolcano (left). The latter consists of four stratovolcanoes, from which the central Koshelev is the highest.

While many volcanic peaks pierce the image, the most notable is Ksudach Volcano (also known as Voniuchi Khrebet Volcano), visible in the upper part of the full image. This stratovolcano has a summit area comprising overlapping calderas in which two lakes, Balshoe and Kraternoe, are located.