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Less Vegetation by Volga River Delta, Northern Caspian Sea – October 25th, 2010

46.8N 50.8E

October 25th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers, Salt Flats, Sediments

Caspian Sea - October 13th, 2010

Sediments cause the northern end of the Caspian Sea to appear tan and green in color. Upon opening the full image, multiple areas of whitish salt flats can be seen around the lake.

The Volga River Delta is visible in the upper left quadrant. Interestingly, the land in the triangular delta area appears mostly dry and brown, in contrast with its usually bright green color from vegetation.

Oka and Volga Rivers in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia

56.2N 43.4E

August 28th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Russia - July 18th, 2010

The Oka River meanders across this APM image of Russia’s Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. The oblast covers an area of 76,900 square kilometers (29,691.3 sq mi). Agricultural land occupies 41% of this area; forests, 48%, lakes and rivers, 2%; and other lands, 9%.

The Oka is the largest right tributary of the Volga River. Their confluence is located just past the right border of this image. In fact, upon opening the full image, the river visible at the top is actually the Volga, rather than a continuation of the Oka.

The body of water connected to the Volga is the Gorkovsky Reservoir (also known as the Gorky Reservoir), an artificial lake. The Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station is located where the river and lake meet.

Fires Near Volga River Delta and Caspian Sea, Russia

45.7N 48.3E

August 24th, 2010 Category: Fires, Lakes, Rivers

Caspian Sea - July 30th, 2010

Sediments and algae color the northern end of the Caspian Sea green in color. Most of the rest of the large lake appears dark blue, with the exception of the lighter waters of Karabogas Bay, on the eastern side.

Many of the sediments are discharged from the Volga River, whose large delta can be seen at the top. It is a large area of wetlands and appears dark green. Upon opening the full image, two fires can be seen nearby.

Gorkovsky Reservoir on the Volga River, Russia

57.0N 43.1E

August 23rd, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Russia - July 18th, 2010

The dark green area on the left side of this APM image is the Gorkovsky Reservoir (also known as the Gorky Reservoir) in Russia. It is an artificial lake in the central part of the Volga River.

The reservoir was formed by a hydroelectric dam of the Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now called Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station), built between the towns of Gorodets and Zavolzhye.

It spans for 430 km from the dam of Rybinsk to the dam of Gorodets through Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo and Nizhny Novgorod oblasts of Russia. While it is relatively narrow and follows the natural riverbed of Volga in the upper part, it becomes up to 16 km wide downstream the town of Yuryevets.

The reservoir takes its name from the former name of the city of Nizhny Novgorod (actually situated some fifty kilometers downstream the dam), Gorky. An industrial town of Zavolzhye was built on the right bank of the Volga along with the construction of the dam.

City of Saratov on the Volga River, Russia

51.5N 46.0E

May 16th, 2010 Category: Rivers

Russia - April 28th, 2010

Russia - April 28th, 2010

Saratov is a major city in southern Russia. It is the administrative center of Saratov Oblast and a major port on the Volga River. Here, the city and surrounding suburbs are visible as a grey area on the eastern and western banks of the river towards the top of the image.

The Volga is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. It flows through central Russia, and is widely viewed as the national river of Russia. Out of the twenty largest cities of Russia, eleven, including its capital Moscow, are situated in the Volga’s drainage basin. Some of the largest reservoirs in the world can be found along the Volga.