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Lake Kariba on Border of Zambia and Zimbabwe

16.9S 27.9E

April 5th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Zambia and Zimbabwe - March 31st, 2011

By volume, Lake Kariba is the largest artificial lake and reservoir in the world. It is located on the Zambezi river, about halfway between the river’s source and mouth, about 1300 kilometers upstream from the Indian Ocean, and lies along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

While Lake Kariba is dark blue and mostly free of sediments in this image, another lake can be seen to the east in the full image that is quite tinged by sediments: the Cahora Bassa Lake. Africa’s fourth-largest artificial lake, it situated in the Tete Province in Mozambique.

Okavango, Cuando and Zambezi Rivers in Angola and Zambia

16.2S 21.9E

April 4th, 2011 Category: Rivers, Wetlands

Angola and Zambia - March 31st, 2011

Several rivers can be seen flowing southeastward across Angola (left) and Zambia (right). The man ones are the Okavango (left), the Cuando (center) and the Zambezi River (right).

The thicker green area at the center right is the floodplain of the Zambezi River. Today it is about half as broad as it was before the construction of the Kariba and Cahora Bassa dams, which control the seasonal variations in the flow rate of the river.

Lakes, Marshlands and Salt Flats in Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique

17S 28.0E

November 1st, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers, Salt Flats

Zimbabwe - October 21st, 2010

This image of central southern Africa, including parts of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique, contains various lakes and other interesting geographical features. Visible by the left edge is part of the Okavango Delta, an inland delta at the end of the Okavango River in Botswana.

Just above is a triangular shaped, marshy green area situated where the Cuando River flows as a marshy channel across the neck of the Caprivi Strip, of Namibia and then forms the border between Namibia and Botswana as it continues southeast.

To its east of the delta and the marshlands is a bright white area of salt flats called the Makgadikgadi Pan, in the middle of the dry savanna of north-eastern Botswana.

Finally, two large lakes can be observed: Lake Kariba, the dark blue body of water in the upper half of the image, on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, and Lake Cahora Bassa, in Mozambique.

Lower Zambezi River Crossing Mozambique

17.6S 35.2E

February 23rd, 2010 Category: Rivers

Malawi - February 12th, 2010

Malawi - February 12th, 2010

The Zambezi River can be seen flowing across Mozambique, just south of the border with Malawi, in this orthorectified image. The Zambezi can be divided into three segments: the Upper, Middle and Lower Zambezi (visible here).

Lower Zambezi’s 650 km (400 mi) from Cahora Bassa to the Indian Ocean is navigable, although the river is shallow in many places during the dry season. This shallowness arises as the river enters a broad valley and spreads out over a large area.

Only at one point, the Lupata Gorge, 320 km (200 mi) from its mouth, is the river confined between high hills. Here it is scarcely 200 m wide. Elsewhere it is from 5 to 8 km (3 to 5 mi) wide, flowing gently in many streams. The river bed is sandy, and the banks are low and reed-fringed. At places, however, and especially in the rainy season, the streams unite into one broad fast-flowing river.

About 160 km (100 mi) from the sea the Zambezi receives the drainage of Lake Malawi through the Shire River, visible to the right upon opening the full image.