Hainan Island and Province in South China Sea19.0N 109.5E
This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows Hainan, the smallest province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The name “Hainan” also refers to Hainan Island, the main island of the province. Hainan is located in the South China Sea, separated from Guangdong’s Leizhou Peninsula to the north by the shallow and narrow Qiongzhou Strait.
The province has an area of 33,920 square kilometres (13,100 sq mi) and is China’s southernmost province. Although it comprises some two hundred islands scattered among three archipelagos off the southern coast, 32,900 square kilometres (12,700 sq mi) (97%) of its land mass is Hainan Island, from which the province takes its name. There are a total of eight major cities and ten counties in Hainan Province. Haikou on the northern coast of Hainan Island is the capital. Wuzhi Mountain is the highest peak in Hainan, towering 1,840 m above the center of the island.