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Cañadas Canyonlike Valleys and Montañas del Oriente by Mexico-Guatemala Border

15.9N 90.6W

February 15th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Mexico - January 3rd, 2012

This APM image shows a change from mountains to flat terrain by the border of Chiapas, Mexico and Guatemala. Visible in the upper left quadrant is the Lacandon Jungle (Spanish: Selva Lacandona), an area of rainforest which stretches from Chiapas, Mexico into Guatemala and into the southern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. The heart of this rainforest is located in the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve in Chiapas near the border with Guatemala in the Montañas del Oriente region of the state.

The Lacandon has approximately 1.9 million hectares stretching from southeast Chiapas into northern Guatemala and into the southern Yucatán Peninsula. The Chiapas portion is located on the Montañas del Oriente (Eastern Mountains) centered on a series of canyonlike valleys called the Cañadas, between smaller mountain ridges oriented from northwest to southeast. It is bordered by the Guatemalan border on two sides with Comitán de Domínguez to the southwest and the city of Palenque to north.

The dark red spot near the right edge of the image is the Laguna Lachuá, a Karstic lake in Guatemala. It is located in the middle of a national park covered with tropical rain forest, northwest of Cobán, near the border between the departments of Alta Verapaz and El Quiché. The lake is near circular in shape and is probably a cenote or doline. The Peyan river forms the principal water inflow and the Lachua river its main outflow.

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