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Iberian Peninsula, From the Pyrenees to the Strait of Gibraltar – September 27th, 2011

September 27th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Spain - September 25th, 2011

This image shows the entire Iberian Peninsula, located in the extreme southwest of Europe. It includes the modern-day sovereign states of Spain, which occupies most of the peninsula, Portugal, which occupies most of the west of the peninsula, and Andorra, as well as the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar (the Strait of Gibraltar can be seen near the bottom edge).

The peninsula is bordered on the southeast and east by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the north, west and southwest by the Atlantic Ocean. The Pyrenees (visible in the upper right quadrant) form the northeast edge of the peninsula, separating it from the rest of Europe. In the south, it approaches the northern coast of Africa. It is the second-largest peninsula in Europe, with an area of approximately 580,000 km2 (220,000 sq mi).

Western Coast of Morocco, from Strait of Gibraltar to Ras Nouadhibou Peninsula

27.8N 13.1W

October 25th, 2010 Category: Deserts, Mountains

Morocco - October 21st, 2010

This image focuses on the Atlantic Coast of Morocco, with the Canary Islands visible offshore. The ridges of the Atlas Mountains appear as dark brown areas, while large expanses of sandy Saharan Desert appear golden in color.

In the full image, the entire western coastline of Morocco can be observed, from the Strait of Gibraltar in the north, by Spain, to the Ras Nouadhibou Peninsula, divided between Morocco/Western Sahara (north) and Mauritania (south), by the Bay of Arguin.

Atlas Mountains Stretching Across Northern Africa

33.9N 1.5W

November 13th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Spain, Morocco, Algeria - November 8th, 2011

This image stretches from Spain (upper left), across the Strait of Gibraltar, to Morocco (lower left) and Algeria (right). The strait, which separates Europe and Africa by 14.3 km (8.9 mi) at its narrowest point, is partially obscured by clouds.

The Atlas Mountains can be seen stretching across Northern Africa, parallel to the coast. The range extends about 2,500 km (1,600 mi) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The Atlas ranges separate the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert.

Mountains of Meseta Central on Iberian Peninsula

39.1N 4.2W

November 2nd, 2011 Category: Mountains

Spain and Portugal - October 30th, 2011

This image stretches across the Iberian Peninsula, from Portugal (left) to Spain (right). The peninsula is separated from Morocco by the Strait of Gibraltar, visible through a light layer of clouds near the bottom edge.

The interior of the peninsula is home to the Meseta Central, a vast plateau in the heart of Spain, that has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal.

Plateaus and Mountains of the Iberian Peninsula – August 10th, 2011

39.3N 4.6W

August 10th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Spain and Portugal - July 24th, 2011

Much of the coastline of the Iberian Peninsula is visible in this image, with the Atlantic Ocean visible along the coast of Portugal (left) and the Mediterranean Sea along that of Spain (right). The peninsula is separated from Morocco (below) by the Strait of Gibraltar.

While many plateaus and valleys on the peninsula appear tan in color, they are dissected or framed by brown and green mountain ranges, particularly on Spain’s Meseta Central.

The Meseta Central is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain that has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. The Sistema Central, described as the “dorsal spine” of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter.

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