Western Mexico, from Coastal Plains to the Sierra Madre Occidental
The terrain visible in this image of western Mexico ranges from arid desert to fertile coastal plains to mountains.
The arid area can be seen along the western coast of the state of Baja California Sur, as the Baja California Desert extends along the Pacific side of the peninsula for most of its length.
The green area along the coastline is part of the state of Sinaloa. Sinaloa is bordered to the north by Sonora and Chihuahua; to the south, by Nayarit; to the east by Durango, and to the west, across the Gulf of California, Baja California Sur. The coastal plain area has a subtropical climate.
Just east of the Sinaloa coastal plain are the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental Range, which dominates the eastern part of the state.
Further south, at the bottom right, near the city of Guadalajara in the state of Jalisco, is Lake Chapala, Mexico’s largest freshwater lake. The lake, at 1,524 metres above sea level, appears white due to sun glint.