Volcano and Lakes around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa (sometimes spelled Addis Abeba) is the capital city of Ethiopia and the African Union.
It is also the largest city in Ethiopia, with a population of 2,738,248 according to the 2007 population census.
Addis Ababa is a grassland biome that lies at the foot of Mount Entoto, visible at the top upon opening the full image.
From its lowest point, around Bole International Airport, at 2,326 metres (7,630 ft) above sea level in the southern periphery, the city rises to over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) in the Entoto Mountains to the north.
Some interesting geographical features can also be found south of Addis Ababa. In the first close-up is Lake Ziway (or Lake Zway), one of the freshwater Rift Valley lakes of Ethiopia, located about 60 miles south of Addis Ababa. Lake Ziway is 25 kilometers long and 20 km wide, with a surface area of 434 square kilometers. It has a maximum depth of 4 meters and is at an elevation of 1,846 meters. The white patch on the lake’s western shore is the town of Ziway.
The second close-up shows another rift valley lake, Lake K’o K’a (or Koka). This lake is artificial, created by the contruction of the Koka Dam. The small white area to its north is the town of Mojo (or Modjo).
To the East of Lake K’o K’a is Mount Zuqualla (also spelled Zuquala or Chukala), an extinct volcano with a height of 2,989 meters. It is known for its crater lake, Lake Dembel, an elliptical body of water with a maximum diameter of about one kilometer.
The city, best seen in the final close-up, possesses a complex mix of highland climate zones, with temperature differences of up to 10°C, depending on elevation and prevailing wind patterns.
The high elevation moderates temperatures year-round, and the city’s position near the equator means that temperatures are very constant from month to month.