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Vegetation and Pools by Lake Chad

13.3N 14.1E

April 18th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Chad - April 8th, 2011

Being on the southern fringe of the Sahara Desert in north-central Africa, Lake Chad extends over the territories of four countries: Chad, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.

Owing to the supply of river water from the highlands to the south, it remains a freshwater lake under the prevailing arid climate. The water level is variable as it is influenced by the rainfall fluctuation both seasonally and annually.

Since the drought years in the 1970’s, the northern half of the lake (Northern Basin) has been completely dry and the Southern Basin has been turned into a densely vegetated area with scattered swamps and open pools. This vegetation and some pools can be observed in great detail in the full image.

 

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