Sivash Sea on Isthmus of Perekop, Crimea, Ukraine44.9N 34.1E
Crimea, is a sub-national unit, an autonomous republic, of Ukraine. It is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea (blue, below) and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov (green, upper right), on the Crimean Peninsula, bordering Kherson Oblast from the North. Crimea’s total land area is 26,100 km2 (10,077 sq mi).
Crimea is connected to the mainland by the 5–7 kilometres (3.1–4.3 mi) wide Isthmus of Perekop. However, it is almost cut off from the mainland by the Sivash Sea, actually a large system of shallow, silty lagoons. Here, the lagoons show varied, bright colors, ranging from lime green to electric blue to pink.
At the eastern tip of Crimea is the Kerch Peninsula, which is directly opposite the Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland. Between the Kerch and Taman peninsulas, lies the 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi) wide Strait of Kerch, which connects the waters of the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov.
The Crimean coastline is broken by several bays and harbors. The southeast coast is flanked at a distance of 8–12 kilometres (5.0–7.5 mi) from the sea by a parallel range of mountains, the Crimean Mountains. These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. Seventy-five percent of the remaining area of Crimea consists of semiarid prairie lands, a southward continuation of the Pontic steppes, which slope gently to the northwest from the foot of the Crimean Mountains.