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Sediments in the Persian Gulf Off the Coasts of Iraq and Neighbors

27.0N 51.0E

February 18th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers, Sediments

Persian Gulf - February 16th, 2010

Persian Gulf - February 16th, 2010

Sediments spill forth from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, turning the waters of the Persian Gulf off the shores of Iraq a greenish color. The entire area near the rivermouths is a river delta interlaced by the channels of the two rivers and by irrigation canals. Some sediments are also present off the coasts of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iran.

To the north, some of the peaks of the Zagros Mountains in Iran are capped by snow. Following the mountains eastward, Lakes Tashk and Bakhtegan (slightly further east than the former) appear as a greyish-white area. Lake Bakhtegan is a salt lake in Fars Province, southern Iran, about 160 km east of Shiraz and 15 km west of the town of Neyriz.

Bakhtegan, with a surface area of 350,000 hectares (1.4 million acres), is Iran’s second-largest lake. It is fed by the Kor River. Several dams on the Kor River have significantly reduced waterflow into the lake, increasing its salinity and endangering the lake’s populations of flamingos and other migratory birds.

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