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Sediments in Gulf of Fonseca, Central America

13.2N 87.7W

March 25th, 2012 Category: Clouds, Lakes, Sediments

Central America - March 11th, 2012

Sediments drain out of the Gulf of Fonseca (center) and into the Pacific Ocean in this image of Central America. The Gulf of Fonseca borders El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua and covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), with a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador.

Visible to the southeast of the gulf is Lake Managua, in Nicaragua. At 1,042 km², it is approximately 65 km long and 25 km wide. The city of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, lies on its southwestern shore. The lake has been severely polluted, mostly by decades of sewage being dumped into the lake.

In the upper part of the image, popcorn clouds hang over heavily forested areas – a common phenomenon due to clouds forming around the water vapor released from photosynthesizing plants.

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