Salzburg at the Foot of the Alps, Austria47.8N 13.0E
Salzburg, visible at the foot of the Alps in the upper right quadrant of this orthorectified image, is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg is on the banks of the Salzach River, at the northern boundary of the Alps.
The mountains to Salzburg’s south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak– the 1972 m Untersberg– is only a few kilometers from the city center. The Altstadt, or “old town”, is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which act as the “green” lungs of the city.
Visible to the west, across the German border is the Chiemsee, a freshwater lake in Bavaria between Rosenheim, Germany, and Salzburg, Austria. It is often called the Bavarian Sea. The rivers Tiroler Achen and Prien flow into the lake, and the river Alz flows out of it. The Chiemsee is divided into the bigger, north section, in the northeast, called Weitsee, and the Inselsee, in the southwest.