Sacramento and San Francisco, Mountains and Sea
The high Sierra Nevada Mountains around Lake Tahoe (top right), California, are capped with snow, thus living up to their name, translated as “snow-covered mountain range”.
The mountains slope down into California’s Central Valley, which stretches approximately 400 miles (600 km) from north to south. Its northern half is referred to as the Sacramento Valley, where the city of Sacramento is located, and its southern half as the San Joaquin Valley, home to cities such as San Francisco. Both cities are visible here: Sacramento towards the center, and San Francisco along the coast (bottom left).
San Francisco Bay is visible along the coast, its waters containing some golden brown sediments. The bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining from approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean.