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Rivers and Reservoirs in Russia – July 22nd, 2009

47.8N 42.8E

July 22nd, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Russia - June 21st, 2009

Russia - June 21st, 2009

Multiple rivers and streams criss-cross this portion of Russian terrain between the Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea. The  Volga River and surrounded vegetation are seen as the thick green line stretching from the center to the central right edge.

Forming a right angle with the Volga is a large artificial lake, the Volgograd Reservoir, formed by the dam of the Volga Hydroelectric Station.  The third largest reservoir in Russia, it has an area of 3,117 sq. km, a volume of 31,5 sq.km, a length of 540 km, a maximal width of 17 km, and an average depth of 10,1 m.

Another artificial lake can be observed to the southwest: the Tsimlyansk Reservoir or Tsimlyanskoye Reservoir, on the Don River.  One of the largest reservoirs in Russia, it providing power and irrigation to the Rostov and Volgograd regions. The Tsimlyansk Dam also provides flood control for the lower Don River basin.

Along with the Volga-Don Canal, the reservoir forms part of a waterway for the shipping of raw materials from the upper Don and Volga-Caspian basins to the lower Don River – Sea of Azov basin and vice versa.

Many fields are visible in this region, particularly around the Tsimlyansk Reservoir. Crops grown around the lake include wheat, rice, cotton, maize, alfalfa, fruit, grapes, and vegetables.

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