Reservoir of the Guri Dam, Venezuela
This large reservoir in Venezuela’s Bolívar State was created by the Guri Dam on the Caroni River. One of the largest dams in the world, it is 1300 meters long and 162 m high. Its official name is Central Hidroeléctrica Simón Bolívar (previously named Central Hidroeléctrica Raúl Leoni from 1978 to 2000).
The dam has long been the focus of much controversy, as the lake it created destroyed thousands of square miles of forest formerly renowned for its biodiversity and rare wildlife, including the only place where the recently-discovered Carrizal Seedeater (a finch-like tanager) was ever found.
At the moment, Guri occupies the third place among hydroelectric plants in the world, with 10,200 MW of installed capacity total. The dam itself is in eighth place for greatest volume of water dammed in the world.