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Reservoir of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar on India’s Rihand River

24.0N 82.8E

June 27th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - June 8th, 2009

India - June 8th, 2009

The Son River, difficult to identify because its tan color blends in with the surrounding landscape of east-central India, flows horizontally across the upper part of this image.

More easily spotted due to its blue color, is the Rihand River, a tributary of the Son. The Rihand’s headwaters rise the Sarguja Region of Chattisgarh State, and flow north into the Sonbhadra District of Uttar Pradesh, where it joins the Son.

The Rihand Dam was constructed across the river Rihand near Pipri in the Mirzapur District in 1962 for hydropower generation; the reservoir impounded behind the dam is called Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, the largest man made lake in India.

3 Responses to “Reservoir of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar on India’s Rihand River”

  1. 1
    B L Gupta:

    I wish to add some information about Rihand Dam situated in the southern part of distt. Sonebhadra.
    Whatever we see below Markundi valley is the boon of Rihand dam, which is in fact mother plant of all activities we see today.
    (1)This area was opened to world only after construction of road from R’ganj to Pipri and major bridge on Sone at Chopan.This was part of and funded by Rihand Dam Project.
    (2)The first thermal power plant of the area was erected in 1954 at Chopan on the southern bank of river Sone with capacity of only 6 MW, just for construction requirement of Rihand Dam.
    (3)The initial benefit of Rihand Dam was assumed as 300MW hydel power only.Rihand river had waters during only four months of rainy season.Due to regulated release of water from Rihand reservoir,and finding of coal in Singrauli areas, another dam at Obra,40km.downstream of Rihand Dam was completed in 1970 with to objectives (a)Hydel generation of 100MW (b)Using water of Obra reservaoir for cooling purpose and coal of vicinity,5X50 MW thermal plant was erected with help of the USSR.Now installed capacity is 1550 MW.
    (4)Again, using regulated water supply from Rihand-Obra system throughout the year, Sone Pump Canal System came into existance.This project lifts water from Sone (which recives water from Rihand river.) in 4 stages and supplies upto Churk. The area below Markundi is irrigated by Balui Bandhi,which is fed by Sone Pump Canal.Credit for the greenery in the area Markundi,Patwadh, Salkhan etc. goes to this project.
    (5)Hindalco was given power from Rihand almost free of cost, simply because no transmission system was available with U.P. Govt. then, and generation was surplus.Hindalco still uses water of Rihand dam for production and domestic purposes.
    (6)During Seventees, huge quantity of good quality coal was found at very shallow depths around and close to Rihand reservoir.This resulted into raising a number of thermal plants around Rihand. All these plant and coal mines use Rihand dam water for cooling and other purposes.The requirement of cooling water is about 0.10 cubicfeet per second per MW.The sole source of water in this area,industrial or domestic,is Rihand river through the two reservoirs.
    (7)The water table around the two dams have come up and up with the result that India Mark-2 handpumps serve the purpose of rural area for drinking round the year.Otherwise, Tankers were used to provide water in remote villages.

  2. 2
    Satyam Sharan:

    A very good comments by Mr. B L Gupta. Fisheries in this reservoir is also big source of revenue for govt.

  3. 3
    Dr. Samir Rai:

    Three Super Thermal Power Plants of NTPC have been established in the area, one each at Rihand, Shaktinagar and Vindhyanagar leading to the area being referred as the Energy Triangle. All these depend upon water from the reservoir.

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