Partially Frozen Aral Sea, Uzbekistan and Kazakstan45.4N 59.5E
The Aral Sea, located in Uzbekistan and Kazakstan, is historically a saline lake. It is in the center of a large, flat desert basin. Here, the northern basin of the sea is frozen, and some ice is also present in the northern parts of the southwestern and southeastern basins.
In 1960 the Aral Sea was the world’s fourth largest lake, the size of the entirety of Southern California (at 26,250 square miles, approximately two hundred times larger than the Salton Sea).
In the past few decades, the Aral Sea’s volume has decreased by 75 percent , the equivalent of draining Lakes Erie and Ontario, and its surface area by 50 percent. The shoreline has receeded up to 120 km from its former shore. Sea level has fallen by more than 16 meters in this already shallow sea.