Mountains by Hottentots Holland Nature Reserve, South Africa33.6S 19.4E
The Hottentots Holland Nature Reserve, lower left quadrant, lies in the Hottentots Holland mountains, some 90km south east of Cape Town. The 42000 ha reserve stretches from Elgin in the south to beyond Villiersdorp in the north, and from the Stellenbosch Mountains in the west, eastwards to the Groenland Mountains.
The terrain is rugged and very mountainous, with altitudes ranging from 500m to 1590m. The annual rainfall may be as high as 3300mm on the Dwarsberg Plateau and the winds are frequent and strong. Summers are generally mild and dry. Weather conditions in the mountains can be unpredictable and dangerous.
The reserve is important for the conservation of mountain fynbos with approximately 1300 species occurring here, including several rare and endemic plants.
Visible towards the northwest of the reserve is a large reservoir created by two dams: Greater Brandvlei Dam and the Kwaggaskloof Dam. The former is located on the Breede River, while the latter is situated on the Wabooms River. Both are near Worcester, Western Cape, South Africa.